Choosing Grape Varieties
Wine is a tedious process. The first step is to find out which type of grape or combinations of grapes you would like to use. Remember that each grapes has their own distinct flavors and acidity. We will provide more post about this topic. If you are a beginner, we recommend to settle down with one grape variety, and as you grow your knowledge in wine making then you can add more varieties and flavors as you go.
The perfect time to harvest can be tricky. The ripeness of the fruit will determine the sweetness, acidity, and the tannin level of your wine. Weather is a great contributor as well, the best time to harvest is during the sunny days. Harvesting could be done by hand or by using a harvesting machine. We prefer the harvesting by hand method because machines can be tough on grapes. They are delicate soft fruit after all. Once harvesting is complete, you’ll have to examine each and remove rotten or unripe grapes before you crush them.
Crushing The Grapes
Back in time when there are no machines to do the labor for us, people stump grapes using their feet. But now, we use crushing machines to take the juice, seeds, and skin out of the grape. Thanks to technology, wines now a days observe sanitary regulations which improve the longevity of the wine.
The fermentation starts after 6 to 12 hours once the grapes are crushed. To speed up the process, wine makers use cultured yeast for consistency and accurate results. Fermenting helps the sugars turn into alcohol. The drier the wine the longer the fermentation should take. Fermentation could take around 2 weeks or months depending on the type of wine you’d like to produce.
Filtering’s goal is to remove the unwanted substance from your fermented wine. It will remove tannins, solid proteins, and skin so that only the filtered wine will go into the barrels to start the aging process.
After the filtering stage, it’s time for aging process. There are many options a wine maker can do on how he wants to age his wine. He can use oak barrels or stainless steel tanks. The tool he will use in agin the wine will affect the outcome of the wine.
This is the last stage in wine making. You can choose from corks or screw caps. Using any of them won’t really affect the taste of the wine but there were studies that the use of corks can taint the wine. And it lets some oxygen to get in.